Kiwifruit, also known simply as kiwi, is a small, fuzzy fruit with a brown, hairy skin and bright green flesh. It is known for its unique, sweet-tart flavor and vibrant green color. The scientific name for the most common variety is Actinidia deliciosa. Kiwifruit is native to China and was originally called Chinese gooseberry, but it was later renamed kiwifruit or kiwi in reference to the New Zealand national bird, the kiwi, which has a similar brown, fuzzy exterior.


Kiwifruit was first cultivated in China, where it was considered a delicacy and valued for its medicinal properties. In the early 20th century, seeds were brought to New Zealand, and commercial cultivation began there in the 1940s. New Zealand became a significant producer and exporter of kiwifruit, and the fruit gained popularity worldwide.


Kiwifruit is not only delicious but also nutritious. It is an excellent source of vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber, and various other vitamins and minerals. The fruit is often eaten fresh, either sliced or scooped out with a spoon. It is also used in fruit salads, smoothies, desserts, and as a garnish. Additionally, kiwifruit is sometimes used as a meat tenderizer due to its enzyme called actinidin.


To store kiwifruit properly and maintain its freshness, follow these tips:

1. Refrigeration:

Store ripe kiwifruit in the refrigerator to slow down the ripening process. Unripe kiwifruit can be kept at room temperature until they ripen.

2. Separation:

Keep kiwifruit separate from other fruits, as it produces ethylene gas that can accelerate the ripening of nearby fruits.

3. Ventilation:

Store kiwifruit in a well-ventilated area to prevent moisture buildup, which can lead to mold growth.

4. Avoiding Bruising:

Handle kiwifruit gently to avoid bruising, as the fruit's skin is delicate.

5. Ripeness:

Kiwifruit can be ripened at room temperature and should be consumed when it yields slightly to gentle pressure. Overripe kiwifruit may become mushy.

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